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legalisation, authentication and apostillisation

Difference between Legalisation, Authentication and Apostillisation

Introduction When traveling or emigrating to a country abroad, one would at some point in time come across requirements provided by legalisation, authentication and/or apostillisation and which requirements need to be complied with. But what is the difference between the three?  This article will explain the difference when public documents from South Africa are used […]

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Medical Certificates

New Labour Laws Amendment Bill

South Africa has faced many challenges when it comes to Labour Law.  However, this changed when the new Labour Laws Amendment Bill was signed into legislation on 23 November 2018.  The breakthrough includes major amendments relating to parental leave and the minimum wage. Parental leave is now granted when a father’s child is born but, […]

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Stokvels

Stokvels – The Good and the Bad

Introduction Stokvels are more commonly defined as a type of credit union in which a group of people enter into an agreement to contribute a fixed amount of money to a common pool either weekly, fortnightly or monthly. In South Africa you get various forms of Stokvels known as; Burial Societies, Investment Clubs, Umgalelo Clubs […]

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defamation

When can a claim for defamation be instituted under the South African Law of Delict

As a point of departure, South African law of Delict recognises patrimonial and non-patrimonial loss/damages or harm which one can suffer. Patrimonial loss/damages refers to a monetary value which is claimed and usually goes hand in hand with non-patrimonial loss/damages. Non-patrimonial loss/damages specifically recognises three types of personality interests namely: corpus or bodily integrity, fama […]

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Contracts

Suretyship Agreements – What Are They?

  A suretyship agreement is defined as an agreement in terms of which a third party, namely the surety, undertakes liability towards a creditor for the proper performance of a portion of or the entire obligation of a debtor. A valid principal obligation between the creditor and debtor is essential for the validity of a […]

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